Engis Single Pass Case Study: Bobcat®

Bobcat® Improves Productivity 300% with Engis Single-Pass Bore Finishing System

For more than 50 years, Bobcat skid-steer loaders have represented durability and reliable performance for construction, landscaping, and agricultural applications in the USA. The key to a dependable loader is to have properly balanced horsepower and hydraulics so operators can work efficiently in rugged conditions. With an eye to continuous product performance and reliability improvement, Bobcat recently invested in an Engis bore finishing system which has not only improved the quality of a key hydraulic component, but increased manufacturing throughput 300%.

Tightening the Process

Simultaneous precision finishing and gauging of four bores in a hydraulic valve body. Using the Engis system enabled Bobcat to reduce cycle time from 253 to 89 seconds per part

Previously, Bobcat finished the control valves on its skid-steer hydraulic pump bodies by using a multi-pass honing system that required operator manipulation with each part. The honing machine would make a pass to finish three dia. 15.877 mm (0.6251″) bores on the G2 steel casting. Then, an operator would move the part 180 degrees on the die so the machine could make a second pass through the valves on an off-set bore.

“We had to take extra measures to make sure the valves wouldn’t leak, which is essential for our customers,” said Dean Cota, Bobcat Sr. Manufacturing Engineer. “We had to run the honing system through multiple times because each spindle had only one stone on it. Each head would go through the bore three times to perform the roughing, semi-finish, and finish steps. Then we would manually reposition the part and run it through again.”

The finishing process was slow and required extra operator care to guarantee tight bore tolerances. While researching other honing options that would improve productivity, Cota discovered Engis’ single-pass bore finishing, which provides a multi-spindle head that hones with three/four tools in close proximity to each other. This unique arrangement allows the roughing, semi-finish, and finishing operations to be performed simultaneously on all of the valve bores in a part.

Engis custom designed the Single-Pass Bore Finishing System to Bobcat’s specifications. The machine has six stations for which the part is transferred through by a rotary index table.

  • Station #1 is the load/unload position.
  • In station #2, a vision system is used to verify that the part is loaded correctly and that the proper part is present for the current program being run.
  • Stations #3, #4, and #5, each have independent servo controlled columns, with 4 spindle multi-heads for holding the diamond honing tools.
  • Station #6 utilizes an independent servo controlled column with a head holding 4 multi-jet gage probes. This gauge unit allows every land of every bore to be inspected in the X and Y planes for size. The gage also has advanced features which allow it to measure the bore sizes of the rough and semi-finish operations on command.

The Engis system achieves tolerances to 0.5μm (0.000020″) ensuring bores are consistently straight and cylindrical, which are critical for the spool and valve bore to fit properly in the hydraulic system. When hydraulic valves perform optimally, they can withstand a higher pressure, which improves overall performance of the skid-steer loaders.

The single-pass boring process is achieved through a series of progressively finer, high-precision electroplated diamond tools. The diamond size grit on the tools are to 100/120, 200/230 and 325/400. The free-floating nature of the tooling results in superior bore consistency and a faster cycle time.

The old multi-pass honing system took 253 seconds per part, which included two boring passes, re-setup of the machine and flipping parts. The new single-pass boring system takes 89 seconds, improving throughput by nearly 300%.

Reducing Errors

The Engis system eliminates the need to reposition the part to finish it, reducing system time and eliminating a potential source of error.

By automating the bore finishing system and reducing operator contact with the parts, Bobcat has reduced the chance for mistakes.

“When someone handles a part, it introduces an opportunity for errors to happen,” said Cota. Now, with the new Engis boring system, where we don’t have to flip the part, the operator doesn’t have to touch anything, so the potential source for errors has been eliminated.”

Operator transition to the new single-pass bore finishing system was simple due to built-in CNC programming. “When the machine hit our production floor, the programs were all ready to use,” said Cota. “Now the operator just pulls up the right program for each part. It’s been running pretty much flawlessly since we first got it more than a year ago.” The machine’s vision system identifies that the right parts are loaded before the program runs, which further prevents errors.

Engis can custom design special machines to finish all bores simultaneously for maximum productivity.

The advanced gauging system 100% inspects and measures the bores for geometric precision so that every part coming off the line is exactly to spec, which provides further peace of mind for the operators.  Because the single-pass process spreads the workload over a series of high-precision electroplated diamond tools, Bobcat requires very few tooling changes, which saves on consumable costs.

“The tooling costs are so low on the new bore finishing machine that we have a hard time measuring our tooling cost savings,” noted Cota. “We ran the machine for six months, six days a week for 20 hours a day before we had to change the tooling. At an average run of 165 parts per day, we produced nearly 24,000 parts before we needed to change out the tooling.”

In addition, the new Engis bore finishing system has decreased cycle times to the point that the plant can take on additional honing production without requiring any additional capital investments.