HORN: Gear Cutting to the Power of Three

Gear Broaching,  Gear Milling and Gear Skiving – otherwise known as the technology cycles: gearBROACHING, gearMILL and gearSKIVING. Paul Horn GmbH and DMG MORI have launched a campaign covering these three core areas in gear cutting to demonstrate the high performance of the solutions that have been jointly developed through a combination of machine, cycle and tool. A major advantage is that many existing machines can be adapted to the individual processes.

The exclusive DMG MORI technology cycles assist shop floor programming for increasing productivity and safety as well as for expanding machine capability. The advantages are clear: up to 60 percent faster programming, error minimization through conversational programming, new technologies (gear cutting) and the technology know-how stored in the application software.

As far as the tool is concerned, Horn’s standard or customer-specific special tools may be used, depending on the process and application. When skiving internal and external gears, sizes up to module 8 are possible in gear quality up to ≥ 7. Gear milling with standard tools up to module 3 achieves a gear quality of ≥ 5. Gear quality of ≥ 9 can be achieved when gear broaching internal and external gears up to module 4.

To provide practical proof of these results, there will be numerous events and trade fairs in 2022 that will focus on the joint gear cutting processes developed as part of DMQP (DMG MORI Qualified Products). The first event will be the DMG MORI Open House in Pfronten from 9th to 21st May.

For more Info: www.PHorn.de/dmqp

HORN: Gear Skiving Solutions

 

Mastering Processes: Gear Skiving

More than a century ago, Wilhelm von Pittler filed a patent for gear skiving, which in 1910 was a revolutionary idea. However, the process has only found wider application in modern manufacturing since machining centres and universal turning centres with synchronized spindles and process-optimised software have made it possible to use this highly complex technology. Horn’s product portfolio includes a wide range of tools for skiving different gear geometries. Whether external gears, internal gears, spur gears, splines or even special tooth forms, all these tooth profiles can be produced extremely economically with skiving tools.

The system includes tools for highly productive production of internal gears, splines and other internal profiles as well as external gears close to interference contours. The most important advantages of skiving in these applications are the significantly shorter processing times compared to gear shaping, its use on optimised turning/milling centres, turning and gear cutting in one clamping and elimination of undercuts at the end of the tooth. Compared to gear shaping and broaching,  gear skiving offers production efficiencies of almost four to five times shorter cycle times. There is also the possibility of hard machining of gear teeth from solid. The skiving tools are designed for producing medium to large batches. Each tool is individually adapted to the application and the material to be machined, whereby the different tool interfaces are based on the number of teeth and module size.

Especially for internal gears, Horn delivers the advantage of short processing times when skiving larger modules. Large, rigid milling/turning centres are required with the requisite synchronization between workpiece and tool spindle. The larger the module, the more critical is machine rigidity. With a cut distribution between the left and right flanks, this issue can be mitigated by the tool. After gaining experience with small, solid carbide skiving tools, Horn used the know-how to address larger modules as well. Each application is evaluated for feasibility by the company’s engineers before discussions with the user regarding the tool design and recommendations for the process parameters, followed by project implementation.

Tooling System with Solid Carbide or with a Replaceable Heads

The system includes cylindrical or conical tools for modules from 0.5 to 2. The solid carbide monobloc version is available in diameters up to 20 mm and in a slim design. They are used for producing small modules and small components, preferably when a compact shaft is required due to the risk of collision. The cutting materials and coatings matched to the application produce high surface quality on the workpiece. For tool diameters over 20 mm, skiving tools with an interchangeable head system are used. The precise interface allows the cutting head to be easily exchanged within the machine without removing the holder. The carbide holder ensures high rigidity, wear resistance and precision. For larger modules, Horn relies on the use of a tool holder with indexable inserts. Especially with the WSR tool type, Horn offers the option of placing the internal coolant supply in front of or behind the cutting edge. This means that, depending on the application, blind holes, through holes or stepped bores can be machined with the most appropriate cooling.

 

HORN: Milling Systems

Horn Milling Systems

Presenting a demo of Milling Solutions from Horn.   The demo showcases a variety of different HORN milling cutters – the tangential milling system 409, high feed milling system DAHM, milling system DS and milling system DG.

 

HORN: New FB Geometry for Groove Finishing

New Geometry for Finishing Grooves

Paul Horn GmbH is proud to present the FB geometry, a solution for finishing grooves.  The new geometry has been in response to user requests for even better surface quality on the flanks and at the base of a groove or recess. This geometry has already been in use successfully for some time as a special solution for producing grooves for sealing rings and shaft seals. High surface quality is possible without any problems in the finishing process, even when the conditions are unstable. Horn offers the geometry for a variety of systems for external and internal grooving.

The geometry is available as a standard tool for the 224, 229, S34T, 315 and 64T systems for precision machining of external grooves. For internal machining, it is available for the 105, 108, 111, 114 and 216 systems. Further insert types are available as special tools and can be delivered quickly via the Greenline system, whereby it is possible to deliver up to 50 customized inserts, depending on the design, within five working days after approval of the drawing by the customer.

HORN: Expertise in Pipe and Sleeve Machining

 

Paul Horn GmbH has succeeded in winning over the world’s leading manufacturers of machine tools for pipe and sleeve production, as well as end users, through the continuous development of customer-focused tool solutions. The tool manufacturer is able create cost-effective machining solutions for use in API- and GOST-compliant as well as premium joint applications. With a focus on user-friendliness, the tools are designed to deliver a productive edge over other solutions in the areas of handling, service life and cost per threaded connection. Horn’s own in-house product management department, which is actively engaged in the development and continuous optimisation of productive machining concepts for OCTG, designs and delivers both standard and customer-specific tools.

Horn’s product portfolio, which is designed to meet users’ productivity requirements, can offer the right package of tools for all machines. The tool systems are available with standard machine interfaces including VDI, polygonal shank and round shank holders as well as solutions that are flange-mounted on turrets. The tools are adapted to the degree of automation in the system – from manual loading all the way through to fully automated production – and are designed provide a solution that can be relied upon to meet the requirements. Both the screw clamp and the ground chip formers of the S117 and 315 systems, together with the carefully matched tool holders, make it possible to manage chip removal during sleeve and pipe end machining processes. There are no expensive parts such as chip breakers or shims to install, allowing customers to make significant savings when procuring tools. The two systems demonstrate highly precise interchangeability and use substrates and coatings for the inserts that are tailored to machining conditions, resulting in significant improvements in both cutting performance and tool life. The precise interchangeability provided by the precision insert seats reduces the number of tool adjustments that are needed after changing inserts.

In thread cutting in API- and GOST-compliant applications, the S117’s numerous teeth enable the number of cuts to be minimised. The 315 system has three usable cutting edges, leading to significant cost optimisation. It is an ideal choice for premium joints that permit no more than one to three teeth per cutting edge. The tool carrier is designed to work in perfect harmony with the insert, increasing the stability of the tool system. This means a lower tendency towards vibration, something that in turn improves surface quality, precision and tool life.

In applications involving pipes with profiles that comply with ANSI/API-5L, Horn offers tool solutions for pipe end finish machining in line with customers’ requirements. The milling heads can be used to machine pipe ends with a wall thickness of up to 50 mm. Integrated rollers compensate for any roundness errors. The workpieces that are produced comply with API tolerance requirements.

With its M101 cut-off milling system, Horn offers a purpose-developed tool for pipe end machining after rolling and for separating sections for analysis. The tool can also be used for pipe and sleeve assembly. The S101 self-clamping inserts, featuring cutting widths of 2 mm and above, deliver highly precise interchangeability, accurate cuts and short machining times.

Horn’s extensive scope of manufacture covers everything from producing blanks in its own carbide machining department, via the internal  grinding shop and production support all the way through to in-house-developed PVD coatings. This keeps the company’s lead-times short. Furthermore, with the Greenline system, for limited quantities Horn is able to offer delivery within one week of a drawing being approved by the customer. Not only that, but the tool manufacturer also allows users to benefit from process consultation services and acts as a solution provider, using its own in-house product management processes. Horn boasts expertise in machining a range of materials, from the easy-to-machine options of J55-K55, L80 and P110 to Q125 and all the way through to high-alloy materials like 13Cr or 28Cr.

Increasing drilling depths and more aggressive operational environments mean that CRAs (corrosion-resistant alloys) have become a focal point in pipe manufacture. Processing is a real challenge because these materials, which are used in HPHT (high pressure high temperature) fields, are so difficult to machine. The full weight of Horn’s expertise is in demand due to the formation of built-up edges resulting from the machining of these tough materials. The company’s many years of experience and in-house manufacturing capability are of real benefit here. Thanks to HiPIMS coating technology, the in-house produced coatings IG3 and HS3 exhibit smooth cutting properties and high heat resistance. The tool geometry, the substrate and the coating are adapted to meet the requirements of each application.